On IRA, Kant, Bohm and the I Ching

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With IRA, we introduce an expansion of Kant’s transcendental metaphysics to include not just time, space and causality (the categories more specifically) but also as a landscape of what we might call, using Aristotelian terminology (and Manousakis…
idealogical architecture (IRA)

On Idealogical Mechanics

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With respect to defining the notion of an idea (i) within the context of our idealogical mechanics, we start with the very basic premise that what we are describing is reflective of a certain aspect of a complex system, not a physical system…

The View from the West: The History of Objective Realism

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The East-West division with respect to worldviews and ways of thinking clearly has significant limits in interpretative utility despite its proliferation and widespread use in the academic and intellectual community, in the West in particular. …

Indo-European Philosophy: On the Soul

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There are many parallels that can be drawn between early Hellenic and Upanishadic philosophy.  In particular, we find many similarities between the philosophy presented by Plato in his Middle Period as he developed and fine-tuned his theory…

Plato and the Allegory of the Cave: Ideas, Being and Becoming

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The first systematic treatment of philosophy, and arguably the most influential, in the West can be found in works of Plato, in particular in his works the Phaedo, the Republic and the Timaeus which are by most accounts the most influential…
Death of Socrates

The Legacy of Socrates: Skepticism, Knowledge and Reason

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One of the best indications of the influence of Socrates on the development of Western philosophy, what the Hellenes, or Greeks, termed philosophia, his ideas being primarily represented by the writings of his best known pupil Plato, is the…

Plato’s Metaphysics: Being and Becoming

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Perhaps Plato’s greatest contribution to Western philosophy is the idealism embedded in his Theory of Forms, which in essence breaks down existence itself as not only a physical world of inanimate and animate objects, but a theory of knowledge…

Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Theology: On Being, the First Mover and Love (Eros)

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One of the most preeminent philosophical principles that underpins Western thought, one of the foundational presumptions of modern Science in fact, is the notion of causality, or what we refer to more specifically within the context of 20th…
School of Athens

Socrates, Plato and Aristotle: First Philosophy

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Leaving aside the Indo-Aryan Vedic tradition, representing the root philosophical and religious tradition of the East, the emergence of philosophy as a branch of thought ran parallel with the advent of Ancient Greek civilization.  What was…

Pythagoras and Plato: From the One to Many

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Philosophy to the Greeks not only helped them understand the cosmos, creation and destruction of the universe and the essence of the natural world, but also the harmony within which we as individuals should lead our lives, and in turn – as…